Help Guide

What you need to know about common water contaminants

Fecal Coliform & Ecoli  
These are bacteria whose presence indicates that your water may be contaminated with human or animal wastes. Microbes in these wastes can cause short-term effects, such as diarrhea, cramps, nausea, headaches, or other symptoms. 

 

Cryptosporidium
Is a parasite that enters lakes and rivers through sewage and animal waste. This microbe has an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time which makes it tolerant to many chlorine disinfectants. It causes cryptosporidiosis, a mild gastrointestinal disease. However, the disease can be severe or fatal for people with severely weakened immune systems. EPA and CDC have prepared advice for those with severely compromised immune systems who are concerned about Cryptosporidium.

Giardia lamblia
Is a parasite that enters lakes and rivers through sewage and animal waste. It causes gastrointestinal illness (e.g. diarrhea, vomiting, cramps). Giardia, like cryptosporidium, can survive long periods of time outside the body and is also difficult to treat with just basic chlorine disinfectants.

 

Coliform bacteria
Are common in the environment and are generally not harmful. However, the presence of these bacteria in drinking water is usually a result of a problem with the treatment system or the pipes which distribute water. This indicates that the water may be contaminated with germs which can cause disease.

Turbidity
Has no health effects, however it can interfere with disinfection because the particles can act as shields for viruses and bacteria and provide a medium for microbial growth. Turbidity may indicate the presence of disease causing organisms. These organisms include bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can cause symptoms such as nausea, cramps, diarrhea, and associated headaches.



Inorganic water contaminants

Disinfectants

Many water suppliers add a disinfectant to drinking water to kill germs such as giardia and e coli. Especially after heavy rainstorms, your water system may add more disinfectant to guarantee that these germs are killed. 

What you need to know about Flouride in your drinking water - rakesh please make all bullet headings below anchor links

What you need to know about nitrates in your drinking water - rakesh please make all bullet headings below anchor links

Guide to producing quality drinking water using reverse osmosis

Although Reverse Osmosis seems like a complex system it is really a simple and straightforward water filtration process, which is widely used. High-pressure (pump driven) reverse osmosis systems have been used for years to desalinate* water – to convert brackish or seawater to drinking water. Having a better understanding of how a reverse osmosis system works will eliminate the mystery and confusion you may feel when you're looking at purchasing a reverse osmosis system, with its many colored tubes and multitude of filters.

If you'd like to gain a better understanding of Reverse Osmosis, please click here to download our helpful guide. 

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